About HPV

Key facts about HPV8

More than 99% of cervical cancer cases are caused by HPV

More than 99% of cervical cancer cases are caused by Human Papillomavirus (HPV)4 – a very common virus that affects four in five women at some stage in their life.5

Most HPV infections have no symptoms

HPV is normally cleared on its own and does not cause any health problems. However, when it does not go away, persistent HPV infections can cause abnormal cervical cell growth.22

Anyone who has been sexually active can get HPV

Anyone who has been sexually active can get HPV - even if you have only had one sexual partner or even if you use condoms.22

What is HPV?

14 typs of HPV are considered high-risk

There are more than 100 different types of HPV, of which 14 are considered high-risk with respect to developing cervical cancer.9, 10

HPV 16 and 18 cause 70% of all cervical cancer

Of these 14 high-risk strains, HPV 16 and 18 cause 70% of all cervical cancer.11

Women with HPV 16 or 18 are 35 times more likely to develop cervical pre-cancer than those without HPV

Women with HPV 16 or 18 are 35 times more likely to develop cervical pre-cancer than those without HPV.4

Signs and symptoms of HPV

Persistent HPV can live in the body for more than 10-15 years with no symptoms

There are often no symptoms for HPV.23 It can take 10 – 15 years for cervical cancer to develop.22 You could have the virus even if it has been many years since you've had sexual contact.

It is important to be regularly tested to know your risk

When symptoms do occur, it is usually when the cancer is relatively advanced and difficult to treat, so it is important to be regularly tested to know your risk.

Who is at risk?

Anyone who has ever been sexually active can get HPV

Most HPV infections are transmitted through sexual contact.8

It is recommended that women 30 - 65 years of age, who have been sexually active, should be tested for HPV.

It is recommended that women 30 - 65 years old who have been sexually active, should be tested for HPV.22 HPV is normally cleared by the body’s natural immune system for women under the age of 30.